Iceland elected the first female Head of State on the earth – President Vigdís Finnbogadóttir- in 1980. An outpouring of women on to the streets was, by then, a properly-trodden type of activism. In 1970, tens of hundreds of girls had protested on Fifth Avenue in Manhattan. In the UK, that same 12 months, 20,000 women marched in Leeds against discriminatory wages. But what made Iceland’s day of protest on 24 October 1975 so effective was the variety of girls who participated. It was not just the affect of 25,000 women – which, on the time, was a fifth of the feminine population – that gathered on the streets of Reykjavik, but the 90% of Iceland’s female population who went on all-out skilled and domestic strike. Teachers, nurses, workplace workers, housewives put down instruments and didn’t go to work, present childcare and even prepare dinner in their kitchens. All to prove how indispensable they have been.
No listing of Icelandic women who modified the best way we see the world would be complete with out its most up-to-date mover and shaker, Katrín Jakobsdóttir. As Iceland’s prime minister of nearly three months and the nation’s second female chief in a decade, Katrín has already made some dramatic adjustments in the best way the nation and the world views ladies. She is a passionate feminist who has been pushing for tougher laws in regards to women’s pay; simply last month, Iceland passed a legislation that forces employers to pay men and women the identical sum of money for the same job — a strong step in eliminating gender inequality in Iceland, and an essential wake-up call to the rest of the world. In Katrín’s words, If we really wish to obtain gender equality we have to do radical things.” Katrín is also an advocate for the remedy of sexual offenses, LGBTQIA+ rights, and is obsessed with welcoming more refugees to Iceland.
In essence, with out the labour of women on 24th October Iceland was dropped at a standstill. The strike was organised efficiently and comprehensively, with practically 90% of Icelandic ladies taking part in extensive scale collective action. In Reykjavík roughly 25,000 women, a significant portion of the town’s 82,000 inhabitants, crammed the city’s streets. Although protest was concentrated within the country’s capital, smaller conferences and demonstrations had been held throughout the country. The strike also had a big private affect on Icelandic men, who were pressured to take their kids to work since women refused to partake in childcare duties. Icelanders also recall how on the day food retailers ran out of easy-to-cook dinner meals like hot dogs, which Icelandic fathers might prepare for their youngsters without the assistance of their wives.
Iceland is often recognized as one of the gender-equal societies on this planet. The primary driver for this success in guaranteeing gender equality is the activist work of the ladies’s motion in Iceland. The Icelandic Ladies’s Rights Affiliation offers an introduction via talks, seminars or participation in conferences to feminist activism and the efficient methods of civil societies in driving social change, primarily based on finest practices and lessons discovered by the Icelandic ladies’s movement previously decades. The association additionally has expertise in bilateral tasks which have involved creating multinational feminist networks and educating gender research at the highschool stage.
Jóhanna is an Icelandic politician, the first feminine Prime Minister of Iceland, and the world’s first openly lesbian head of government in 2009. Before becoming Prime Minister, she was energetic within the commerce union movement and was Iceland’s Minister of Social Affairs and Social Security. She has been a member of Iceland’s parliament for Reykjavík since 1978, profitable re-election on eight successive occasions. Until her retirement in 2012, she was Iceland’s longest-serving member of Parliament. Forbes listed her among the 100 Most Powerful Women on the earth.
The Ladies’s Strike led to the Icelandic parliament passing a gender equality bill in 1976, thus adopting an official gender coverage within the nation. Though the Women’s Strike of 1975 was usually considered a success and a victory for women, Icelanders proceed to strive for gender equality and girls’s rights. For example, Icelandic ladies have subsequently returned to the Girls’s Strike as a type of environment friendly national protest, with similar collective motion happening in 1985, 2005, 2010, 2016 and 2018. It is also vital to note that in Iceland the Girls’s Strike is named Kvennafrídagurinn, or The Women’s Day Off. It’s because in 1975 Iceland had strict labour laws forbidding wildcat strike action (occurring strike without the approval of union management) and the Committee organising the protest did not need any ladies to get fired attributable to taking part in the walkouts.
The story of the seawomen goes hand in hand with the story of fishing in Iceland, so the book can be a social and economic historical past. It covers some difficult occasions, together with lengthy centuries when Danish legislation forced girl from iceland most rural Icelanders into servitude to the farmers who owned the land. Fishing—although nonetheless a part of their service to the farmer—was one of many few breaths of independence obtainable to both women and men.
It is long been a myth abroad perpetuated by internet memes that every one Icelandic ladies are magnificence queens looking for international husbands to care for them, however that is merely a fable. Your common Icelandic lady is often educated and committed to combating for gender equality, and there are greater than enough Icelandic men (and girls) for each lady.
What’s fascinating is that the voluntary audit wasn’t completed to stop fines, however to show that CCP Video games had all the time maintained equal pay. Ólafsdóttir saw a competitive worth in being a certified firm, because it aligned with the company’s values. “It was vital to me when I was a job seeker, to feel confident that I was working for a corporation that valued and honored equality and didn’t discriminate in pay. Once I used to be working at CCP, I wanted everybody to know – including our current staff and potential job candidates – that CCP was an equal pay company,” she stated. The audit additionally confirmed that equal pay was maintained regardless of nationality.
Heading down the Swedish route has prior to now proved to be a recipe for success for Icelandic hockey. When Iceland’s males’s national group celebrated their best display thus far, profitable silver on the icelandic women 2014 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship Division II Group A, their key-men had all skated in Sweden. Starting from last season, a rising contingent from Iceland’s ladies’s workforce started to observe go well with to develop at Swedish clubs.
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Icelandic seawomen throughout this time exhibited toughness, talent, and leadership. Fisherwoman Ísafold Runólfsdóttir, who lived in japanese Iceland within the 1800s, was mentioned to be so sturdy that she might drag her boat onto shore by herself and carry two a hundred-pound bags while men hoisted just one. Native accounts instructed that when a person made undesirable sexual advances, she tucked him underneath her arm or threw him into the ocean. Being pregnant did not deter seawomen; one named Anna Björnsdóttir fished while icelandic chicks close to beginning in the late 1700s, with her father urging her on: Go on! Go on! I think you can row. There is not any baby on your arm now!” The seal hunter and fisher Rósamunda Sigmundsdóttir, who was born in 1868, wore purple to draw seal pups and reportedly landed such large catches that the fish got here up her skirt.” And the 18th-century captain Halldóra Clubfoot, whose rowers have been all ladies, routinely beat her brothers at fishing contests.